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Guardian of Democracy: The Civic Mission of Schools, 2011 (Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools)
This new report provides research-based evidence of the decline in civic learning in American schools and presents six proven practices that should be at the heart of every school's approach to civic learning.

A Crucible Moment: College Learning and Democracy’s Future — 2012 (US Department of Education and the Association of American Colleges and Universities)
This report, from the National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement, calls on educators and public leaders to advance a 21st century vision of college learning for all students—a vision with civic learning and democratic engagement as an expected part of every student’s college education.

Civic Learning and Engagement in Democracy: A Road Map and Call to Action – 2012 (US Department of Education)
This report outlines nine steps the Department of Education will take to advance civic learning across American education.

Strengthening the Civic Mission of Charter Schools –2012 (The American Enterprise Institute)
What are charter schools doing about civic education? AEI's Program on American Citizenship released this report that includes information about how some charter schools are implementing civic education curriculum along with policy recommendations for public schools.

Updated Report on the State of History Education – 2011(National History Education Clearinghouse)
This updated report includes an addendum to the 2010 report and can be found on the website. The new addendum offers additional data about state policies governing the teaching of world history, and history and social studies end-of-course tests. These additions help create a more complete picture of the current state of history education in the United States.

Civic Skills and Federal Policy, A Special Report, 2010 (
On April 29, 2010, scholars, civic leaders, and federal officials met in Washington to develop a federal policy agenda for civic skills.

High Schools, Civics and Citizenship – What Social Studies Teachers Think and Do, 2010 (Farkas)
This study revolves around an essential question: what are teachers trying to teach our youth about citizenship and what it means to be an American


Active Learning and Active Citizenship: Theoretical Contexts, 2009 (McManus)
This monograph provides a theoretical framework that can be used to discuss active learning, active citizenship and the relationship between the two.

 America’s Civic Health Index 2009 (National Conference on Citizenship)
The National Conference on Citizenship (NCoC) created America’s Civic Health Index to assess how the American people were performing on a wide array of indicators of civic health.

CA Civic Health Index 2009 (National Conference on Citizenship)
Survey assesses the prevalence and impact of civic education practices in California high schools on graduating seniors throughout the state.

An Inequitable Invitation to Citizenship, 2009 (Case Foundation)
“In the last presidential election, when an immense effort was made to get young people to the polls, only 32 percent of non-college-bound youth voted, compared to 62 percent of college-bound youth. This alarming gap underscores the importance of addressing the issues raised in this new PACE white paper.”

 Paths to 21 st Century Competencies Through Civic Education Classrooms, 2009 (Torney Purta)
‘ “Students who experience interactive discussion-based civic education score the highest on the “21 st Century Competencies.” ’ Read this report to learn more about the comparison of ninth graders across the nation.


Civic Education in California: Policy Recommendations, 2008, (Kidwell)
A report on the status of civic-education policy in California and recommendations.

Democracy for Some: The Civic Opportunity Gap in High School, 2008 (CIRCLE Working Paper 59, Kahne & Middaugh)
In this study of high school civic opportunities, researchers found that a student’s race and academic track, and a school’s average socioeconomic status (SES) determines the availability of the school-based civic learning opportunities that promote voting and broader forms of civic engagement.


Civic Learning in Changing Democracies: Challenges for Citizenship and Civic Education, 2007 (Bennet)
A look at how civic education needs to adapt to the changing civic orientation of young people.

CIVICS, Not Government, 2007 (Annette Strauss Institute)
A report on how the teaching of civics has changed since the 1950's to becoming more scientized, sanitized, and nationalized today.


The California Survey of Civic Education, 2005, (California Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools)
Survey assesses the prevalence and impact of civic education practices in California high schools on graduating seniors throughout the state.

Civic Education and State Policy, 2005, (Kidwell)
Assessment of the importance of civic education, indicators of high quality civic education, the results of public policy on civic education, and recommendations for effective civic education policy.

Promising Approaches for Strengthening Civic Education, 2005 (Kirlin)
A quick overview of each of the six promising approaches from The Civic Mission of Schools report, demonstrating how each practice is linked to research.

Service-Learning and Civic Education (Herczog)
Assessment of the connections between Service-Learning and Civic Education as methodologies, and tips for improving the civic education component of service learning.



A project of Constitutional Rights Foundation in collaboration with the
Center for Civic Education and the Alliance for Representative Democracy.
This project is made possible by generous grants from the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Skirball Foundation